Italia: elezioni

+europaTira una brutta aria in giro per il mondo, e non solo nei luoghi di conflitti violenti. Anche vicino a noi il mix di populismo, nazionalismo e involuzioni autoritarie comincia a farsi preoccupante, soprattutto quando si manifesta nel comportamento di maggioranze e di governi. Si pensava all’Ungheria e alla Polonia (per non parlare della Turchia), ed ecco repressione politica in Spagna, esponenti democratici catalani in prigione o in esilio, attacchi alla libertà di espressione. La stessa Amnesty International segnala poi un’Italia “intrisa di ostilità, razzismo, xenofobia”. Si aggiunga l’irresponsabilità di forze politiche che predicano intolleranza o soluzioni demagogiche, una classe dirigente incapace di attuare riforme a largo raggio, una popolazione che si lamenta ma poi rifugge l’impegno della responsabilità, una legge elettorale che si limita a fotografare lo stallo e le divisioni, e il panorama è piuttosto desolante. Anche il mio abituale scetticismo nei confronti del potere comincia a richiamare i sentimenti anarchici di gioventù… E però, pur cosciente dei limiti di questo gesto, ho deciso di usare ancora (finché ce l’ho) il mio diritto di voto, per rafforzare quelle voci un po’ controcorrente, di minoranza oggi ma che vogliono farsi sentire, per dire che vogliamo più libertà, più diritti, più apertura, più serietà, più integrazione, più Europa. A queste elezioni voto +Europa con Emma Bonino e i Radicali Italiani.

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Spanish Inquisition 2018

inquisición     Ferreres, El Periódico, 12/01/2018

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Catalunya’s unusual elections

llibertat presosCatalunya is heading towards a new election, after the Spanish government took over its institutions, deposing the president and government, and dissolving the parliament. The constitutional provision used (the now infamous art. 155) literally only authorizes the central government to force the autonomous community to comply with its legal obligations, by giving binding instructions to the community’s authorities – which is a bit different from arbitrarily ceasing those authorities and taking over the local government. Not to mention the fact that after the Oct 1 referendum, the Catalan authorities had refrained from taking any formal action whatsoever that could be deemed illegal. The symbolic declaration of independence voted by the Catalan parliament on Oct 27 (a political declaration of intentions mostly confined to a preface that was not actually voted) came just as a last statement of protest when the Spanish government was finalizing the take over.

Before that, on Oct 16, Jordi Sanchez and Jordi Cuixart, leaders of the pro-independence civic associations (ANC and Omnium) that organized many massive and totally peaceful demonstrations, were arrested and held without bail under criminal charges of sedition. Then, on Nov 2, eight members of the Catalan government were also jailed without bail under criminal charges including rebellion and sedition, while an international warrant for the same charges was issued for president Puigdemont and four more government members who escaped arrest by moving to Belgium. The Catalan parliament’s president was also charged and spent a night in jail before being released on bail. Continue→

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Sinai

Why should I seek?  I am the same as He.  His essence speaks through me.  I have been looking for myself!

[Rumi (1207-1273), from Dīvān-e Kabīr]

More than 300 people were killed in a terrorist attack on a Sufi mosque in the Egyptian Sinai peninsula last week. We are obviously affected when tragedies happen close to our homes, but we tend to forget too quickly the magnitude of the violence that hits people in more distant countries. Most of the victims of terrorism lived in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, … We are used to associate Islam to the perpetrators of the attacks, and we tend to forget that a majority of the victims are Muslims. Which tells us that terror and mass murder are really means by which some try to impose their absolute power on people, independently of the ideological or religious cover. Same as with fascism, Nazism and other totalitarianisms.

For the people who died, a poem from the great Sufi Muslim poet, Rumi:   Continue→

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Human Flow

HUMAN FLOW – a documentary by Ai Weiwei     (2017)

Highly recommended

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Catalunya (2)

fascismOctober 1, 2017.

Peaceful Catalan voters brutally attacked, and shot with rubber bullets, by Spanish police: 844 wounded.

More than half of the people showed up. Many were forcefully prevented from casting their vote or having it counted. Still, about 2.3 million votes were registered (43% of the eligible voters).

90% voted yes to independence.

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Catalunya

estelades(English at the end)

Los estados históricamente han representado estructuras de poder y dominio impuesto con la fuerza. Solo en épocas recientes, y solo en algunas partes del mundo, se han ido democratizando; pero casi siempre manteniendo ese aspecto de que el poder actúa de arriba hacia abajo, de que aunque podamos elegir democráticamente los que nos gobernarán, el Estado (y la razón de Estado) tiene prioridad sobre las personas, los individuos. Hasta los movimientos que quieren devolver el poder al “pueblo” comparten esa idea de que las personas están subordinadas a las entidades políticas colectivas. Mi visión (libertaria, y pragmática) es opuesta. Las instituciones políticas solo tienen legitimidad si: i) respetan y protegen las libertades y derechos de las personas; ii) sirven de manera eficiente a los intereses de sus ciudadanos en la provisión de bienes públicos y en las decisiones necesariamente colectivas (las que por su naturaleza no son divisibles en decisiones individuales independientes). ¿Quién puede decidir si se cumplen esas condiciones, o si procede hacer cambios? Los ciudadanos mismos, aunque el primer punto es en efecto una restricción a lo que se pueda decidir: ninguna violación de las libertades y derechos fundamentales es legítima, por cuanto mayoritario sea el apoyo a esas medidas. En el segundo punto, el análisis económico y social puede ayudar, pero al final son los ciudadanos que democráticamente tienen que decidir. Continua→

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